Missouri to host Heroes to Hives

A free program to introduce military veterans to beekeeping will buzz into Missouri this spring.

Heroes to Hives, which started at Michigan State Uni­versity in 2015, is expanding into the Show-Me State with support from the University of Missouri Extension. The comprehensive, nine-month educational program com­bines online classes and hands-on learning at Heroes to Hives apiaries. In Missouri, the in-person sessions will be held at the University of Central Missouri Research Farm in Warrensburg.

“A lot of veterans, as they are returning from overseas or getting out the service, have an interest in getting into ag­riculture, specifically small farms,” said Travis Harper, MU Extension agronomist. “Beekeeping is one of the things that fits well with that.”

Participants will study current, science-based best manage­ment practices for beekeeping while working with a network of other beekeeping veterans. The program is designed to provide a broad depth of beekeeping knowledge and allow veterans to develop personal and professional relationships that ensure long-term peer support. Students will learn the importance of pollinators in U.S. agriculture and how to protect managed hon­eybees through small-scale, sustainable beekeeping operations.

“The core instruction is through Michigan State University, but we will be supplementing some of that online instruction with topics that are specific to Missouri,” Harper said. “Ob­viously, being quite a bit farther south than Michigan, our beekeeping season is all different. We’ll address those topics in the online portion.”

Classes start in March, and registration is open until Feb. 28 for all active-duty military personnel, National Guard/Reserv­ists, veterans and their dependents (spouses and children 18 years or older of participants only.) There is no cost to attend, and no prior beekeeping experience is required. For more in­formation or to apply, visit online at heroestohives.com.

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CoBank lists forces impacting the rural economy in 2021

The speed of economic recovery will largely hinge on the availability, dissemination and reach of COVID-19 vaccines, pushing the expected burst of pent-up consumer demand into the latter half of 2021, according to a comprehensive outlook report from CoBank’s Knowledge Exchange division.

“The coming year will be a recovery year for most Americans and the busi­nesses that make up the U.S. econo­my,” said Dan Kowalski, vice president of CoBank’s Knowledge Exchange. “The early part of the year should look very different than the latter, but in total, economic growth is estimated to be about 4%, following a retreat of roughly 4% in 2020.”

The CoBank 2021 outlook report examines 10 key factors that will shape agriculture and market sectors that serve rural com­munities throughout the U.S.

Global Economy: Uneven recovery ahead

Against all hope that COVID would fade in 2020, the pandemic will likely continue to steer the global economy in 2021. Global economic recovery was very uneven in 2020, and given the cur­rent surge in virus cases, CoBank experts believe that will remain the case in 2021. Perhaps one of the longest lingering impacts from COVID will be the mountains of debt absorbed by most governments around the world.

U.S. Economy: COVID is still the economy

A post-COVID bounce is coming to the U.S. in 2021, but it’s unlikely to happen soon, according to CoBank’s report. Much of the year’s economic trajectory will depend on fiscal policy deci­sions made over the next couple of months. Roughly 10 million Americans who lost their jobs early in the pandemic have yet to find work, and many are receiving some form of public support. If and how Congress chooses to fund further relief will impact the speed of economic recovery.

Monetary Policy: Less dramatic but no less critical

If there is an economic hero amid the pandemic, it is most certainly the central banks. The Federal Reserve, in particular, stabilized the global financial system within weeks of the pan­demic taking hold, and it continues to provide massive amounts of economic support. The role of central bank policy in 2021 should be less dramatic but no less important.

U.S. Government: Sweeping leadership changes

As the 117th Congress begins, the political landscape is still somewhat uncertain. The Biden administration transition is pro­ceeding, but the narrow margin of power within Congress will moderate legislation. The new cabinet will be more diverse than President Trump’s but is unlikely to shift to its leftward extreme, as indicated by the selection of former USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack to resume his role.

U.S. Farm Economy: Strong 2020 finish

Higher commodity prices and low interest rates will be an im­portant financial buffer to net farm income in 2021. More than one-third of U.S. net farm income in 2020 came from a variety of USDA programs. Crop prices have been bolstered by robust Chi­nese purchases and dry growing conditions in key regions of the world. Historically low interest rates will lower borrowing costs. The value of farmland, an import­ant source of equity for farmers and ranchers, is also expected to remain stable in 2021.

Specialty Crops: More shifts in consumer demand

The specialty crops sector will continue to adapt to historic shifts in logistics and supply chains in 2021 as the pandemic causes consumers to purchase more food at retail and less through foodservice. With thousands more restaurants expected to permanently close through the winter months as COVID-19 cases increase, growers and the supply chains will have to continue adapting to more at-home dining.

Grain, Farm Supply and Biofuels: Recovery in motion

The grain and farm supply sectors enter 2021 on reasonably firm footing supported by rising commodity prices, farmer sta­bility, favorable domestic demand and promising exports. Farm supply cooperatives are in a positive position following a very orderly harvest, rising grain prices and decent farm liquidity. The ethanol outlook is stable but guarded. After experiencing a near 50% reduction in demand in the spring, fuel ethanol in the U.S. has recovered to about 90% of pre-COVID levels.

Animal Ag: Higher feed costs, restaurant reboot

Higher feed prices will challenge the dairy and animal protein sector’s ability to return to pre-COVID margin levels in 2021. Corn and soybean meal prices have reached multi-year highs, and the futures curves indicate rising costs in the months ahead. Domestically, the animal protein and dairy sectors will face greater uncertainty in foodservice demand.

Rural Electricity: From reactive to adaptive

The common need to pivot from being pandemic-reactive to market-adaptive requires more decisive response from U.S. power suppliers. Amplifying the call for action are shifts in policy, costs of new technology and consumer requirements.

Rural Communications: Big spending not likely

With a new administration, expect a good bit of gridlock in Washington in 2021. It’s likely that any COVID-related stimu­lus will focus on near-term economic needs versus investing in projects that take years to produce results.

Read the full report online at cobank.com.

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Barn cat care

Barn cats are kings and queens on the farm, keeping away varmints like moles, mice and even snakes. But though they tend to be fiercely independent, these resourceful felines can bene­fit from added protection and routine care.

Dr. Sarah Peakheart, assistant clinical professor with Oklahoma State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, offers some tips for ensuring the health and safety of barn cats:

Construct a perch or loft area so barn cats have a safe space away from potential predators.

Spay and neuter to prevent litters as well as to keep them from roaming away, fighting with others and channeling their inner “Tomcat.”

Have an updated identification tag on their collar, and if possi­ble have them microchipped, an easy option available at veterinary clinics during their spay or neuter procedure.

Store feed in enclosed bins or rooms to deter food-seeking predators, such as raccoons, possums and others that can harm even the toughest barn cats. Dr. Peakheart warns that wildlife can spread diseases, such as rabies, intestinal parasites, fleas and ticks.

Place common chemical-based items such as fly spray and antifreeze safely out of sight. Some substances, even when ingested in small amounts, can cause seizures (or worse) in cats. While they may not purposely ingest some things, they will groom it off their fur.

Offer outdoor cats (or dogs) safe, warm places to sleep and ensure they have plenty of food and fresh water. Consider a heated water bowl to help prevent frozen water during wintertime.

Make plenty of noise before starting up your vehicles or farm equipment, especially during the wintertime when outdoor cats look for places to stay warm, such as under the hood of your vehicle.

Prioritize preventive care for barn cats, including vaccines, flea and tick control and heartworm medicine. Talk with your veterinari­an about any additional health considerations.

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