Feature

Supplemental solution

Written by Allison Jenkins on .

When MFA’s Feed Division developed two new Performance First supplement tubs earlier this year, the timing couldn’t have been better for livestock producers who were experiencing dry pastures and short hay supplies.

Generally, supplement tubs provide protein, mineral and vitamins in a highly palatable formulation that can fit into most grazing situations. When forages are lacking in quality or quantity, however, tubs can serve as a solution to assure cattle receive essential nutrients that may be missing from their diet.

Supplement tubs have been an important part of MFA’s feed selection for many years, but the new Performance First products are unique, said Mike Spidle, MFA director of sales, livestock products and feed marketing. The products are made exclusively for MFA by MFA at the feed mill in Mexico, Mo., rather than a third-party manufacturer. And they are the first tubs to contain Shield Technology, MFA’s proprietary blend of essential oils and other additives that help prevent sickness and promote performance without antibiotics.

“This is our formula, our products, made exclusively for MFA customers,” Spidle said. “They are the first of their kind.”

Performance First Tubs with Shield Technology are available in both a 20-percent protein pressed formula and 16-percent poured version. The tubs are specifically formulated to achieve a targeted intake level of 2 pounds or less per head, per day, Spidle added, unlike other brands of tubs in which consumption can be more than double that amount.

“Because the cattle are consuming less of these tubs, the product could cost less per cow on a daily basis, even with the added value of Shield Technology,” Spidle said. “Plus, you get Shield’s health benefits on top of the mineral supplementation.”

On-farm demonstrations support those claims. David Callis, who raises cattle and row crops in Sedalia, Mo., was among a test group of producers trying out the new Performance First tubs in real-world conditions this summer. Over the summer, two groups of heifers on the Callis farm were supplemented with MFA Performance First 20% Tub with Shield Technology.

“One group was first-calf heifers, and we were feeding them every day to improve the chances of breeding back. They only ate about one-third a pound, per head, per day of the tub,” explained Callis, who serves on the MFA Incorporated board. “The other group was heifers we are breeding that have never had a calf. We’re not supplementing them like the other group of heifers; they’re just on grass. They went through about 2 pounds a day.”

During the trial, Callis said he fed four of the 200-pound tubs—one to the group of first-calf heifers, which consisted of 25 pairs, and three to the other group of 35 cattle.

Contained in a distinctive purple tub, the Performance First products contain all the trace vitamins and minerals cattle need for a balanced, healthy diet. They’re also fortified with macro-minerals such as phosphorus, which is often depleted in stressed fields. In addition, Performance First tubs contain appreciable amounts of essential trace minerals such as copper, magnesium, zinc, iodine, cobalt manganese and selenium.

“Both the 20% Tub and the 16% Tub have enough minerals that producers wouldn’t need additional mineral supplementation,” Spidle said. “Plus, they’re a convenient way to deliver that nutrition.”

MFA feed specialists recommend providing one tub per 10 to 20 head, feeding free-choice continuously along with a plentiful source of average to good-quality forage and clean, fresh water. Consumption may vary depending upon animal body condition, quality and quantity of forages, seasonal weather conditions, and most importantly, feeding locations of tubs with respect to loafing, grazing, feeding and watering areas.

In addition to the complete vitamin and mineral package, having Shield Technology available in an MFA-branded tub makes sense, said Callis. He’s witnessed the benefits of Shield firsthand in MFA Cadence and Cattle Charge feeds and Ricochet mineral he provides his primarily Angus-based herd.

“Other than their standard vaccinations, we haven’t had to treat any of our spring calves since weaning,” he said. “That’s remarkable.”

Recently, quality feed and minerals have become even more important to Callis, who this past June embarked on a new venture—introducing Akaushi bulls to his herd. The Akaushi breed, a type of red Wagyu Japanese cattle, was imported to the U.S. in the mid-1990s and is known for its carcass quality. Callis expects his first half-blood Akaushi calves to be born next spring.

“Our goal is to produce the best-quality beef we can,” he said. “That’s why good nutrition is so important.”

Shield Technology can help cattlemen such as Callis do just that, Spidle said. Benefits include improved feed efficiency, daily gain, immunity, rumen function and breedback. Producers have found feeding Shield leads to fewer open cows, more full-term pregnancies and newborns that get up faster, he added.

Now, with Performance First Tubs, producers have more options to deliver Shield to their herd while ensuring the cattle are receiving proper nutrition.

“By adding these tubs to our lineup,” Spidle said, “producers have a complete selection of products with Shield Technology to fit just about any feeding situation.”

For more information on Performance First Tubs, visit with the feed specialists at your MFA or AGChoice location. 

Season of extremes

Written by Allison Jenkins on .

Drought is nothing new to Larry Belshe.

The 69-year-old has endured many dry spells on his family farm in Gallatin, Mo., where he raises corn, soybeans and hay. Still, it never gets easy to watch crops wither at the mercy of the weather.

“We’ve been through all the ups and downs of the ’70s and ’80s, so we know how to watch our dollars and get through tough times,” said Belshe, who farms in partnership with his younger brother, Steve. “That’s just the way we were brought up. You work hard trying to grow a family and a farm, and you just keep going—even in years when you realize you’re not getting anything in return.”

This is one of those years. In the worst growing-season drought for Missouri since 2012, the Belshes only harvested about half the hay they normally would cut and bale. Corn fields that typically yield more than 200 bushels per acre averaged around only 50 bushels. Soybeans benefited from some late-season rains, but the brothers estimated the crop would only produce a dismal 15 to 25 bushels per acre.

They’re not alone. Most of their northwest Missouri neighbors are in the same shape. At the end of August, Daviess County was in the D4 “exceptional drought” classification—the most extreme level on the U.S. Drought Monitor map—and nearly 70 percent behind on rainfall.

John Davis, manager of MFA Agri Services in Gallatin, said many area farmers gave up on their corn crops and cut them for silage to feed livestock. Cattle producers culled herds, and some put their animals on dry lots and began feeding hay two to three months earlier than normal.

“By the time July rolled around, we knew plants were hurting and yields were going to be down,” Davis said. “Whether it was grass or crops, nobody’s efforts were coming to fruition. Guys were baling corn stalks and chopping silage, anything to make a feed source. There was nothing we could do to impact the weather. All we could do was adapt.”

Though more extreme in the northwest, the drought was widespread across Missouri. At the drought’s peak in August, more than 88 percent of the state was experiencing some degree of abnormal dryness. Eastern Kansas and southeastern Iowa were also affected. Much-welcomed rains in late August and early September helped improve conditions, but it was too little, too late for most crops.

As of Sept. 9, the USDA rated 44 percent of Missouri’s corn and 27 percent of soybeans as poor to very poor. Compounding the predicament are low commodity prices and prospects for high yields in other parts of the country, which may lead to over-supply.

Hay and other forages were also rated poorly, with 79 percent in short or very short supply, and stock water supplies were 46 percent short or very short. Pasture conditions were rated as 44 percent poor or very poor.

As drought monitor levels triggered government relief programs, MFA Natural Resources Conservation Specialist Matt Hill worked to make sure MFA’s member-owners were aware of grazing and haying programs to provide assistance. For example, the USDA Farm Service Agency offered cost-share to establish emergency water resources for livestock and released CRP ground for emergency haying and grazing. The Soil and Water Conservation District Commission allowed grazing on easement acres that are enrolled in conservation practices.

“Everybody pulled together, I feel like more so than in past years, and got ahead of things,” Hill said. “I have to give these agencies a lot of credit for that. It’s really something that hadn’t been done in Missouri before.”

One of the most popular forms of assistance was an emergency EQIP program from the Natural Resources Conservation Service, which allocated $2 million for forage development, specifically planting cover crops. Hill said NRCS was overrun with requests for the cost-share funds and quickly obtained another $2 million, which still wasn’t enough to approve all the applications.

“NRCS leadership saw the need, and as much as a government agency can, they cut a lot of red tape and made this program happen rather quickly and painlessly,” Hill said. “A lot of cover crops were planted with cost-share money as a result. The overwhelming response to the program really shows how great the need was for help.”

To spread the word about these programs as well as forage management strategies and alternative feeding options, Hill facilitated a series of drought information meetings for MFA patrons at Agri Services locations in Kirksville, Gallatin and Ozark.

“We wanted everyone to understand their options,” Hill said. “We invited staff from the county FSA office and NRCS along with Missouri Department of Natural Resources and Soil and Water Conservation Districts. [MFA Director of Nutrition] Dr. Jim White discussed forage and livestock nutrition strategies for drought. And I talked about cover crops and how to manage forage during the drought and plan for recovery when it rains.”

Davis said the information gathered from the meeting held at Gallatin Agri Services was appreciated by his staff and their producers.

“It’s good to know we had people watching out for us and relaying information,” he said. “The atmosphere has been pretty negative this summer, and we’re doing our best to keep these guys positive and show them that MFA is sincere about helping them solve their problems, not just passively offering suggestions.”

MFA personnel, at the corporate and local levels, also collaborated to keep plenty of supplies such as tanks, waterers, temporary fencing and cover crop seed on hand, Hill said.

“We wanted to make sure folks had what they needed to get through these tough conditions on their farms, whether it was through cost-share or not,” he said. “We need our customers to have successful operations, because without them, we don’t have a future either. I’m really proud of how everybody’s worked together, especially when things are happening fast and furiously.”

Further assistance came later in the summer from Gov. Mike Parson, a cattleman himself, who issued an executive order declaring a drought alert for 47 of Missouri’s 114 counties. The order also reactivated the Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ Drought Assessment Committee, a coalition of state and federal partners who worked together to provide struggling farmers unprecedented access to public lands for accessing water and harvesting hay. The committee also put together a website to serve as a comprehensive drought information resource at dnr.mo.gov/drought.htm.

“It was our job to identify what resources were currently available and figure out what additional help we could offer,” said DNR’s Kurt Boeckmann, who leads the committee’s Agricultural Impact Team. “Haying in state parks and pumping water from conservation areas, for example, were somewhat new ideas. In times like these, farmers needed us to come together and provide other options.”

Despite these relief efforts and rainfall brought to Missouri by Tropical Depression Gordon in mid-September, producers will be facing the effects of this summer’s devastating drought for some time to come, Hill said, especially those with livestock.

“Normally, farmers hope they don’t have to feed hay any earlier than October, but even in the wetter spots, we’re still two to three months ahead of time feeding it,” Hill said. “Just about everyone is in a forage shortage, with very tight supplies to make it through a normal winter before grass starts growing next spring.”

Going forward, he advised, farmers must switch from short-term survival mode to long-term plans to fortify their operations against dry weather.

“Working together to get through this year is the main thing for now, but we want to be forward-thinking, so we don’t have to be reactionary during the next drought,” Hill said. “In the future, I think you’ll see better water resources in many pastures, more efficient grazing systems and the establishment of some warm-season grasses, which shine during dry weather. Let’s learn from this and be in better shape next time.”

Aug Sept 2018 Today's Farmer

Written by webadmin on .

Friends in the field

Written by Allison Jenkins on .

A hand-written thank you note sits below Beau Britt’s computer monitor in his office at MFA Agri Services near Hannibal, Mo. It’s only four sentences, a simple gesture of appreciation for the service he and a fellow employee provided nearly two years ago, but for Britt the note is symbolic of something greater.

“This is a daily reminder of how I want all our customers to feel,” he said. “I don’t expect thank-you notes, but I want to create that kind of experience each time someone does business with us.”

A native of Philadelphia, Mo., Britt started his career at the Marion County location 12 years ago as a custom applicator and was tapped to be manager in the fall of 2015. During his decade in the field, Britt cultivated a hands-on, customer-centric approach that he brought to his role as manager.

“I like to deal with people, and I feel like I communicate very well with customers,” he said. “Service is the big thing here. If there’s one reason why our location is succeeding, I’d say it’s because of the customer relationships we have and the service we provide. They’re more than customers; they’re our neighbors and our friends.”

Those relationships matter to Ryan Hulse, a diversified farmer and member of the Marion County MFA board, who said trust is No. 1 when it comes to choosing an agricultural retailer.

“To some farmers, it’s just dollars and cents, but I want somebody I can trust,” Hulse said. “When Beau tells me something, I know it’s right, and if it’s not, he’ll make it right. I don’t have to check up to make sure things got done.”

Over the last few years, business has been steadily growing and, in turn, so has the staff, which now numbers eight employees. Tyler Mason, MFA regional manager, said the Marion County location is a prime example of how enthusiasm and hard work can change a business for the better.

“Beau takes a personal interest in the well-being of his customers and employees, and the staff is earning new business and bringing back old business,” Mason said. “Nutri-Track acres have grown; Crop-Trak acres have grown. Fertilizer and feed sales are up. The crew emphasizes the importance of pre-planning, visiting one-on-one with customers to develop fertility and weed-control programs and seed selections long before spring.”

That planning process is key to demonstrating value to customers, Britt insisted. Knowing what inputs and services are needed on the front end helps both MFA and its growers, he said.

“The biggest challenge for us is staying ahead of the game, trying to adapt to the changes going on in agriculture and continuing to be relevant in the marketplace,” Britt said. “That’s why we focus on getting crop plans put together early. We all want to be on the same page with their inputs and know what they’re thinking as they go into next year. Everybody is one team working toward the same goal.”

As a grower, Hulse said that proactive approach helps provide peace of mind.

“Agriculture has changed a lot in the last few years, and what MFA has to provide in terms of service has changed a lot, too,” he said. “Just think about all the things that we, as farmers, expect. It’s a lot more complicated than ever before. Having what we need, when we need it, is extremely important. The more I can go to MFA for everything, the easier it is for me.”

Part of MFA’s Northeast Missouri group, which also includes Canton, Kahoka, LaBelle and Memphis, the Hannibal Agri Services center serves a mostly agronomic customer base with an on-site fertilizer plant and custom application services. The business also offers bagged feed for livestock customers and a well-stocked showroom with a product selection geared toward walk-in traffic.

“We’re starting to see more people come in and buy crop protection products off the shelf and have a conversation with us,” Britt said. “They feel like they have somebody they can talk to here about what they want to accomplish in their yards or around their farms.”

The Marion County location added a pasture sprayer a few years ago, and its use keeps increasing among forage and hay producers, Britt said. On both forage and row-crop ground, fall applications of crop protection products and fertilizer are also becoming more popular, he added.

“It seems like everyone is planting earlier and earlier each year, so if you can be ahead of the game with some burndown or P and K applications in the fall, it gets you that much further,” Britt said. “Being as flexible as possible is what these guys are after, and it just makes sense to spend a little money in the fall to get a head start in the spring.”

With an increasingly competitive retail environment, Britt said MFA sets itself apart not only through its value to customers but also its values as a business.

“A lot of the competitors offer the same fertilizer and the same chemicals,” Britt said. “We’re differentiating ourselves by our honesty and integrity, our community involvement and our relationships with customers. There’s no way of avoiding issues. Something goes wrong every single year. But our customers know that if something happens, we’re going to take care of it.”

As for the future, Britt said his team is focused on retaining current customers, bringing in new patrons and looking for beneficial opportunities. For example, renting a hopper-bottom trailer allowed the Marion County location to source its own fertilizer materials to fulfill customer requests, and Britt said plant food tonnage has increased as a result. He also hopes to add a bulk chemical warehouse soon to better serve the crop protection needs of area growers.

“We’ve come a long way from when I was hired, but we’ve never had the mentality that we wanted to grow overnight,” Britt said. “We’re just continually looking for new ways to show our value and help make our customers more profitable. What’s good for the customer is good for us.”

Partners with purpose

Written by Kerri Lotven on .

Alda Owen was 60 years old when she got her first puppy.

Legally blind since the age of 10 and a recent breast cancer survivor, Alda had been struggling to figure out her future on the cattle farm she and husband, Rick, operate in Maysville, Mo. As she rode home in 2012 with the 9-week-old, newly named Sweet Baby Jo in her lap, Alda knew she was getting a second chance.

“After the chemo and double mastectomy, I was weak and mad and drained,” she said. “Getting Jo was quite the life changer.”

For 50 years, Alda had learned to work with her visual impairment, but the cancer and treatments were another story. She and Rick had farmed much of their lives together, but the illness further limited what she could do on the farm.

“He has always been a caregiver,” Alda said. “And at that time, he didn’t really want me to help on the farm because he was concerned about my health and safety.”

Not being able to help out and the lack of independence also took a toll on Alda emotionally, she said. She wanted to be a partner again. Knowing her mother’s internal struggle, Alda’s daughter, Kate, introduced her to PHARM Dog USA, which stands for Pets Helping Agriculture in Rural Missouri. The organization trains and places cattle dogs and service dogs with farmers who have disabilities. Established in 2005, the program became a 501(c)3 non-profit in 2012.

“The goal is to save the farmer time and energy,” PHARM Dog founder Jackie Allenbrand said. “We call them four-legged farm hands, because that’s really what they are.”

After bringing Sweet Baby Jo home, Alda worked with PHARM Dog’s trainers over the next year to equip the border collie with the herding skills necessary to help her on the farm. In the first year, Jackie and her trainers handle the basic commands and do simple exposure training exercises with the dogs, like riding in a truck. Alda followed the same protocol with Jo. After a year, they begin working with the dogs more intensely on specialized training.

Typically, dogs are at least 2 years old before they are matched with a farmer. According to Jackie, placing a puppy is unusual, but Alda said she knew it was meant to be that way.

“I can’t explain what she did for me mentally,” Alda said. “From that day forward, I was excited to get up. I wanted to take care of her. I wanted to take her out and work with her. It gave me purpose.”

Every dog’s training is a little different depending on the farmer’s needs. Border collies are trained to work with cattle and sheep, and Labradors learn service skills.

On the herding side, Jackie works with two trainers, Bobby Miller of Plattsburg, Mo., and Don McKay in Packwood, Iowa. For dogs trained with service skills, Jackie begins basic training on her own farm near Stanberry, Mo., then works with Sandy Rickey near Odessa for more specialized skills.

“We have some amazing trainers,” Jackie said. “Our border collies will learn directional commands like ‘way’ and ‘by,’ which moves the dogs to the right or left of the herd, and ‘walk up,’ where they will slowly move closer to the herd. The Labradors can be taught to retrieve tools, open gates, carry buckets or to brace and counterbalance for someone who may need that assistance.”

Life with limited vision

Alda lost most her sight at the age of 10 due to histoplasmosis, an infection caused by breathing in spores of a fungus transmitted through the droppings of birds and bats. The potentially fatal disease spread from her lungs to her ocular nerve.

“It was my job to take care of the chickens on my family’s farm,” Alda said. “That summer, the temperature and humidity were just right to form this fungus, and I ingested it.”

At the time, doctors told Alda’s parents she could take medication, but due to the side effects, she may only live into her mid-20s. Her other option was to do nothing with the likelihood that she would go blind or that the disease would lay dormant.

“The disease took parts of her vision,” Rick explained. “For instance, she may see a cup, but she may not see the handle.”

When Alda and Rick are out in public, he wears a specific type of hat so his wife can recognize him by the shape and silhouette.

“I can see some things,” Alda said. “I can see the shape of the trees, but I can’t see the distinct leaves or bark until I get right up to it and touch it. If we’re out in a field, a 300-pound calf may look like an evergreen tree or a multi-floral rose. I have no way of detailing until something moves or I get right up on it.”

A few years ago, Alda worked with Missouri Rehabilitation Services for the Blind to get specialized glasses and take a low vision driving test. She now has the ability to use an all-terrain utility vehicle around the 260-acre farm where she and Rick run a black Angus cow/calf operation.

“A lot of people don’t realize, but people with visual impairments memorize,” Alda said. “I have my comfort zone. I memorize the landscapes, but I’ve been here all my life. If you dropped me off in a city or even a hospital I didn’t know and asked me to find a specific room on a specific floor, there’s no way I’d be able to do it.”

Now 6 years old, Jo rides in the back of Alda’s ATUV while she does daily chores.

“Before Jo, if I had said, ‘I’m going to go move the replacement heifers from this lot over to this lot,’ not in a million years would Rick have been comfortable with that,” Alda said. “But the other morning, that’s what we did. Or we’ll go put mineral out, and he doesn’t have a worry in the world because he knows I have Jo with me.”

Both Alda and Rick have learned to take Jo with them for the protection she provides while they are working cattle.

“There was one time when we didn’t have her with us, and it cost me,” Rick said. “During calving season, I had a cow roll me. She hit me three times. By the third time, I thought I wasn’t going to live through it.”

“There has also been a time or two where she’s hopped out of the Kubota and herded a cow off,” Alda added. “She knew before we knew that it was going to happen.”

Cattleman’s companion

A PHARM Dog also provides added security for Troy Balderston, who raises row crops and backgrounds cattle with his wife, Sher’rie, on 240 acres near Beaver City, Neb. A 2010 car accident left Troy paralyzed from the neck down.

“I’m what is called quadriplegic incomplete,” Troy said, explaining that he has partial damage to his spinal cord on the C4, C5 and C6 vertebrae.

Since the accident, Troy worked to regain some function in his arms. He’s able to operate an all-terrain wheelchair and drive a tractor modified with hand controls. He works as a ranch hand at a nearby farm owned by Chris Harting across the Nebraska state line south of Norton, Kan.

Having had cattle dogs previously, Troy thought a dog might be able to help him both on his own farm and at his ranch job.

“We were working through VocRehab and Nebraska AgrAbility at the time,” Troy said. “I told them what I thought I needed. I knew I wanted a working dog. They found Jackie, and we’ve been good friends ever since.”

In 2013, Troy was introduced to Duke, a rescue dog donated by a family who found him on the streets in St. Joseph, Mo. When dogs such as Duke are ready to be placed, Jackie and the trainer travel to the farm to help the new owner grasp all the commands and make sure the pair will work well together.

“We want the dog to be helpful, not a hindrance,” Jackie said. “So we think it’s important to go to the farm and stay a couple of days to make sure they understand the basics and feel comfortable. When we got to Troy’s, there were seven or eight farm hands standing around plus me and the trainer, but when Duke got out of the car, he worked his way around all the people and landed right in front of Troy where he belonged.”

Since then, it has been a day-in, day-out partnership.

Duke now helps Troy sort and load heifers onto trailers for transport. Before, Troy had an incident in which cattle ran over him while he was in his chair. Now, if things go awry, Duke is there to help provide a buffer.

“He’ll keep me safe at work,” Troy said. “Sometimes the cattle will come back at you, and he’ll keep them away from me.”

Farming and raising livestock can be dangerous for anyone, but even more so when a person is at a physical disadvantage, Jackie said. PHARM Dogs can provide added safeguards.

“There was one day last summer when the girls and I got home from the pool and couldn’t find Troy,” Sher’rie said. “Our daughter, Brenna, noticed that the chain was off one of the gates, and it wasn’t supposed to be. It was 104 degrees that day, and we were driving around looking everywhere when Duke suddenly popped up over a hill. I said, ‘Duke, where’s Dad?’ and he took off back over the hill and led us to Troy. His wheelchair had gotten stuck, and he’d thrown himself out of it to lay in the shade next to the chair. He must have been out there for two or three hours in that heat.”

“Duke definitely helps me out every day,” Troy added.

A meaningful mission

The PHARM Dog program sustains itself exclusively through the efforts of its volunteers, donations and small grants Jackie writes.  

“None of us makes a salary,” she said. “My goal was always that the farmer wouldn’t have to pay anything, but we do ask that once a dog has been placed with them that they make a donation back so we can continue to help other farmers.”
Jackie hopes one day they’ll be able to expand the program, pay their volunteers and build a training center to be able to use in the winter or during inclement weather.

“We’d love to have some type of corporate sponsorship, and I’ve had some ideas for that,” Jackie said. “But you get paid in other ways. One of my favorite quotes is, ‘If the only life you are worried about improving is your own, then you are truly not living life.’”

Since the program’s outset, PHARM Dog has placed 16 dogs with farmers throughout the Midwest.

“Our latest placement was in Sedalia,” Jackie said. “The farmer there only has use of one arm due to a PTO accident 29 years ago. He said when it happened, he was screaming and yelling and no one came. I asked him how someone finally found him, and he told me his neighbors had an old hound dog that heard him. The dog started howling and barking until they went over to find him. I said, ‘Don’t you think it is unusual that a dog saved you 29 years ago, and now you’re getting one to help you today?’ He told me, ‘Yeah, a dog was on my bucket list. I think we’re going to be pretty good partners.’ It’s those types of things that really touch you.”

Before Jo and PHARM Dog, Alda said she kept quiet about her disability. But now she’s one of the program’s greatest advocates and frequently attends events with Jo to help promote the organization.

“I never would talk about my vision or my cancer,” Alda said. “I had different jobs on and off, and I wouldn’t tell anybody at work. But, through Jackie’s encouragement and the exposure she’s given me, I’ve met so many people who have worse issues in life than I’ll ever care to. I don’t know how they do it, but the program has helped me get out of the closet and speak, hoping that I can help others understand. Every one of us will tell you we’re just so grateful to have the helping hand.”

To find out more about the PHARM Dog program or donate, visit www.pharmdog.org.

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